Purpose: Adjuvant pertuzumab and neratinib are independently FDA-approved for treatment of early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer in combination with or following trastuzumab for one year, respectively. Both agents reduce the risk of recurrence; however, the absolute benefit is modest for many patients with added risk of adverse effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical use of adjuvant pertuzumab and neratinib in patients with early-stage HER2-positive breast cancer.
Methods: Patients diagnosed with stage I-III HER2-positive breast cancer treated with trastuzumab at four University of Colorado Health hospitals between July 2016 and April 2019 were identified. Patient demographics, cancer stage, treatment, and administration of pertuzumab and/or neratinib were obtained.
Results: We identified a total of 350 patients who received adjuvant trastuzumab for stage I-III HER2-positive breast cancer; 253 (73.1%) had tumors that were ≥ T2 or node-positive disease. The rate of adjuvant pertuzumab use increased following FDA approval; pertuzumab was administered to the majority of patients with node-positive HER2-positive breast cancer. The use of adjuvant pertuzumab was associated with younger age, premenopausal status, and node-positive disease. Rates of administration of adjuvant neratinib were lower, with only 15.2% of patients receiving this therapy within 3 months of completing adjuvant trastuzumab.
Conclusion: In our cohort of patients treated within a diverse healthcare network, the majority of patients with node-positive HER2-positive breast cancer received adjuvant pertuzumab following FDA approval. The use of adjuvant neratinib was less common, potentially as a result of adverse effects, prolongation of therapy, previous administration of adjuvant pertuzumab, and modest benefit.
Keywords: Adjuvant therapy; Breast cancer; HER2; Neratinib; Pertuzumab.