New perspectives on satisfaction and loyalty in festival tourism: The function of tangible and intangible attributes

PLoS One. 2021 Feb 24;16(2):e0246562. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0246562. eCollection 2021.


This research explains how attributes perceived during the festival celebration generate loyalty in terms of satisfaction. As regard, tangible aspects (festival entertainment and aesthetics) and intangible aspects (escapism and education) shall be differentiated. A theoretical model is proposed, which explains the effects of festival attributes on satisfaction and loyalty through structural equation modelling. The model was estimated with a sample of 440 people attending Weekend Beach Festival in Spain. The research proves the relationship between attributes and loyalty through satisfaction as a moderating variable; likewise, tangible attributes are deemed to have a greater influence on loyalty, specifically, the aesthetic/environment experience.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical*
  • Personal Satisfaction
  • Spain
  • Tourism*

Grant support

F. Almeida-García is part of a research team that has received funds to develop this research. The research has received funding from the research projects: "Over-tourism in Spanish coastal destinations. Tourism decrease strategies". (RTI2018-094844-B-C33). Ministry of Science, Technology and Telecommunications, Spain.