The interaction on hypertension between family history and diabetes and other risk factors

Sci Rep. 2021 Feb 25;11(1):4716. doi: 10.1038/s41598-021-83589-z.

Abstract

To explore the individual effect and interaction of diabetes and family history and other risk factors on hypertension in Han in Shanghai China. The method of case-control study with l:l matched pairs was used, 342 cases of hypertension and 342 controls were selected and investigate their exposed factors with face-to-face. The method of epidemiology research was used to explore the individual effect and interaction of diabetes and family history and other risk factors on hypertension. The individual effect of family history (OR = 4.103, 95%CI 2.660-6.330), diabetes (OR = 4.219, 95%CI 2.926-6.083), personal taste (OR = 1.256, 95%CI 1.091-1.593), drinking behavior (OR = 1.391, 95%CI 1.010-1.914) and smoking behavior (OR = 1.057, 95%CI 1.00-1.117) were significant (p < 0.05). But individual effect of sex, education, occupation, work/life pressure, environmental noise, sleeping time and sports habit were not significant (p > 0.05). The OR of interaction between FH and DM to hypertension was 16.537 (95%CI 10.070-21.157), between FH and drinking behavior was 4.0 (95%CI 2.461-6.502), FH and sport habit was 7.668 (95%CI 3.598-16.344), FH and personal taste was 6.521 (95%CI 3.858-11.024), FH and smoking behavior was 5.526 (95%CI 3.404-8.972), FH and work/life pressure was 4.087 (95%CI 2.144-7.788). The SI of FH and DM was 2.27, RERI was 8.68, AP was 52.48% and PAP was 55.86%. FH and DM, personal taste, smoking behavior had positive interaction on hypertension, but FH and sport habits, drinking behavior, work/life pressure had reverse interaction on hypertension. FH and diabetes were very important risk factors with significant effect for hypertension. FH and diabetes, personal taste, smoking behavior had positive interaction on hypertension, but FH and sport habits, drinking behavior, work/life pressure had reverse interaction on hypertension.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Case-Control Studies
  • China / epidemiology
  • Diabetes Mellitus / epidemiology*
  • Family
  • Female
  • Health Behavior
  • Humans
  • Hypertension / epidemiology*
  • Male
  • Medical History Taking
  • Middle Aged
  • Risk Factors
  • Smoking / adverse effects