Assessment by dipyridamole-thallium-201 myocardial scintigraphy of coronary risk before peripheral vascular surgery

Surgery. 1988 May;103(5):584-7.


From October 1983 to January 1985, 46 patients (38 men and 8 women; average age, 60 years; range, 37 to 83 years) underwent peripheral vascular surgery of either the internal carotid artery or the arteries of the lower limbs. Each patient had a thorough clinical examination, an ECG, and a dipyridamole-thallium-201 myocardial scan before operation. On the basis of results, they were divided into two groups: 20 patients with and 26 patients without chronic ischemic heart disease. Three major cardiac events were noted during or after a period of 1 month after surgery: There were two deaths due to cardiac ischemic events and one patient had postoperative unstable angina pectoris. These three patients were classified in the coronary group (NS). When the patients were classified on the basis of whether or not there was thallium redistribution on serial images after infusion of dipyridamole, 14 with redistribution and 32 without redistribution were noted. The three patients who had major cardiac events were in the former group (p less than 0.04). Our data suggest that patients in whom redistribution occurs have a high incidence of postoperative ischemic events. These patients should be considered for particular preoperative coronary care to avoid major postoperative cardiac events and to increase chances of survival.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Arteries / surgery*
  • Carotid Artery, Internal / surgery*
  • Coronary Disease / diagnostic imaging*
  • Coronary Disease / mortality
  • Dipyridamole*
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted
  • Leg / blood supply*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Minicomputers
  • Myocardial Infarction / complications
  • Postoperative Complications / etiology
  • Prognosis
  • Radionuclide Imaging
  • Thallium Radioisotopes*


  • Thallium Radioisotopes
  • Dipyridamole