Exposure to unhealthy product advertising: Spatial proximity analysis to schools and socio-economic inequalities in daily exposure measured using Scottish Children's individual-level GPS data

Health Place. 2021 Mar;68:102535. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2021.102535. Epub 2021 Feb 23.


This study aimed to understand socio-spatial inequalities in the placement of unhealthy commodity advertisements at transportation stops within the Central Belt of Scotland and to measure advertisement exposure using children's individual-level mobility data. We found that children who resided within more deprived areas had greater contact with the transport network and also greater exposure to unhealthy food and drink product advertising, compared to those living in less deprived areas. Individual-level mobility data provide evidence that city- or country-wide restrictions to advertising on the transport network might be required to reduce inequalities in children's exposure to unhealthy commodity advertising.

Keywords: Advertising exposure; Inequalities; Spatial analysis; Transport; Unhealthy commodity advertising.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Advertising*
  • Child
  • Food
  • Food Industry
  • Humans
  • Schools
  • Scotland
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Television*