Genome-wide investigation and expression analysis of MACPF gene family reveals its immune role in response to bacterial challenge of Manila clam

Genomics. 2021 Feb 25;113(3):1136-1145. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.02.013. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

In this study, 18 MACPF genes (RpMACPF) were identified and classed into three types (Macrophage-expressed gene 1, Apextrin, and MACPF domain contain protein) based on gene structure and phylogenetic relationship in R. philippinarum. The length of RpMACPF proteins varied from 287 to 785 amino acids. The molecular weights and Theoretical PI values ranged from 3.2 kDa to 8.7 kDa and 4.7 to 8.6, respectively. RNA-seq data analysis revealed that 14 of 18 RpMACPF genes were highly expressed at the pediveliger larvae stage indicate RpMACPF might contribute to the early development and metamorphosis processes of the R. philippinarum. Besides, we found RpMACPF genes were significantly regulated by pathogen-associated molecular patterns (PAMPs) and Vibrio parahemolyticus, which indicates RpMACPF genes may play significant roles in response to invading pathogens. The results obtained in this work will provide valuable insight into the immune function of MACPF gene in R. philippinarum.

Keywords: Gene family; MACPF; Response to invading pathogens; Ruditapes philippinarum.