The spectrum of anti-contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2) antibody-associated disease is expanding and the involvement of cerebellum was reported in the past few years. We report a 45-year-old male with chronically progressive cerebellar ataxia. CASPR2 antibodies were detected in his serum and cerebellar atrophy was observed on MRI. His symptoms improved prominently with steroids and intravenous immunoglobulins. 23 cases with CASPR2 antibodies and cerebellar ataxia were identified from previous publications. Most of patients showed acute or subacute onset with other typical presentations of anti-CASPR2 antibody-associated disease, such as limbic encephalitis. Immunotherapy was effective in the majority of patients.
Keywords: Autoimmune encephalitis; Cerebellar ataxia; Contactin associated protein-like 2.
Copyright © 2021. Published by Elsevier B.V.