Dendrimers: A New Race of Pharmaceutical Nanocarriers

Biomed Res Int. 2021 Feb 15:2021:8844030. doi: 10.1155/2021/8844030. eCollection 2021.


Dendrimers are nanosized, symmetrical molecules in which a small atom or group of atoms is surrounded by the symmetric branches known as dendrons. The structure of dendrimers possesses the greatest impact on their physical and chemical properties. They grow outwards from the core-shell which further reacts with monomers having one reactive or two dormant molecules. Dendrimers' unique characteristics such as hyperbranching, well-defined spherical structure, and high compatibility with the biological systems are responsible for their wide range of applications including medical and biomedical areas. Particularly, the dendrimers' three-dimensional structure can incorporate a wide variety of drugs to form biologically active drug conjugates. In this review, we focus on the synthesis, mechanism of drug encapsulations in dendrimers, and their wide applications in drug delivery.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dendrimers / chemistry*
  • Dendrimers / therapeutic use*
  • Drug Carriers / chemistry*
  • Drug Carriers / therapeutic use*
  • Humans
  • Nanostructures / chemistry*
  • Nanostructures / therapeutic use*


  • Dendrimers
  • Drug Carriers