A Novel Pix2Pix Enabled Traveling Wave-Based Fault Location Method

Sensors (Basel). 2021 Feb 26;21(5):1633. doi: 10.3390/s21051633.


This paper proposes a new Image-to-Image Translation (Pix2Pix) enabled deep learning method for traveling wave-based fault location. Unlike the previous methods that require a high sampling frequency of the PMU, the proposed method can translate the scale 1 detail component image provided by the low frequency PMU data to higher frequency ones via the Pix2Pix. This allows us to significantly improve the fault location accuracy. Test results via the YOLO v3 object recognition algorithm show that the images generated by pix2pix can be accurately identified. This enables to improve the estimation accuracy of the arrival time of the traveling wave head, leading to better fault location outcomes.

Keywords: Phasor Measurement Unit (PMU); Pix2Pix; YOLO v3; deep learning; fault location; location accuracy; transmission line; traveling wave; wavelet transform.