Delayed cord clamping in healthy term infants: More harm or good?

Semin Fetal Neonatal Med. 2021 Apr;26(2):101221. doi: 10.1016/j.siny.2021.101221. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

Abstract

It is recommended to delay cord clamping in healthy term infants for at least 60- and 180-s in high- and limited-resource environments, as delayed cord clamping lowers the incidence of anemia and iron deficiency and improves neurodevelopment. There are improvements in hemodynamic parameters such as peripheral arterial oxygen saturation, heart rate, cardiac output, and cerebral oxygenation. Historically, delayed cord clamping caused a higher rate of hyperbilirubinemia and phototherapy, but more recent evidence suggests this may no longer be the case. In limited-resource environments delayed cord clamping may reduce anemia and iron deficiency potentially improving neurodevelopmental outcomes. The use of delayed cord clamping in newborn infants with intrauterine growth restriction or monochorionic twins is limited and further evidence is needed before it can be formally recommended.

Keywords: Cord management; Delivery room; Newborn infants.