Infinite-cis kinetics support the carrier model for erythrocyte glucose transport

Biochemistry. 1988 Mar 8;27(5):1441-50. doi: 10.1021/bi00405a008.


It has been claimed that the Km for infinite-cis uptake of glucose in human erythrocytes is so low that the carrier model for transport must be rejected. We redetermined this parameter for three experimental conditions and found instead that the Km values were in good agreement with the model. For each of a variety of cis glucose concentrations, cells were preequilibrated with various concentrations of glucose, and the apparent Km was determined as the intracellular concentration reducing the initial rate of net uptake by half. The dependence of the apparent Km values on the cis glucose was as predicted by the carrier model; the infinite-cis Km was determined from both this concentration dependence and the extrapolated value at infinite cis glucose. The resulting values were 15 mM for fresh blood at 0 degrees C, 39 mM for outdated blood at 0 degrees C, and 11 mM for outdated blood at 25 degrees C. Previous measurements of the Km at room temperature yielded values of 2-3 mM. These earlier studies used a time course procedure that indicated rapid changes in rates during the initial 10 s of uptake but did not directly measure such changes. We examined the uptake of 60 mM glucose at 20 degrees C into cells containing 0 and 5 mM glucose; rapid changes in rates were not observed in the first few seconds, and the time courses were more consistent with our higher Km values. Our new values, together with other initial rate measurements in the literature, support the adequacy of the carrier model to account for the kinetics of glucose transport in human erythrocytes.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Blood Glucose / metabolism*
  • Erythrocytes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Kinetics
  • Mathematics
  • Models, Biological
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins / blood*


  • Blood Glucose
  • Monosaccharide Transport Proteins