The relationships among self-efficacy, social support, and self-care behavior in the elderly patients with chronic pain (a STROBE-compliant article)

Medicine (Baltimore). 2021 Mar 5;100(9):e24554. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000024554.

Abstract

The relationships among the self-efficacy, social support and self-care behavior in the elderly patients with chronic pain has not been reported. Therefore, we explored the relationships among self-efficacy, social support and self-care behavior in the elderly patients with chronic pain.General data questionnaire, self-efficacy scale, social support scale and self-care behavior scale were performed in 1032 elderly patients with chronic pain from Shenyang city between February and December 2017. The relationships among self-efficacy, social support and self-care behavior, and self-efficacy as a mediator between the social support and self-care behavior were analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis and Bootstrap method.In these elderly patients with chronic pain, the total scores of the self-efficacy, social support and self-care behavior were 35.59 ± 12.38, 65.64 ± 19.68 and 50.52 ± 15.26, respectively. The self-efficacy was positively correlated with the self-care behavior (r = 0.414, P < .001), the self-efficacy was positively correlated with the social support (r = 0.293, P < .001) and the social support was positively correlated with the self-care behavior (r = 0.322, P < .001). The mediating effect of self-efficacy was 0.121 which accounted for 27.31% of the total effects.The self-efficacy plays a mediating effect between social support and self-care behavior in the elderly patients with chronic pain.

Publication types

  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Chronic Pain / psychology*
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Self Care / psychology*
  • Self Efficacy*
  • Social Support*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires