Index of Cardiac Age Index and Cardiometabolic Biomarkers in Adults with Metabolic Syndrome

Metab Syndr Relat Disord. 2021 Mar 2. doi: 10.1089/met.2020.0095. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Background: The presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS) seems to alter or accelerate the aging process of tissues or organs including the heart. We aim to investigate whether MetS are associated with an index of cardiac age calculated by parameters derived from 128-slice cardiac multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) and cardiometabolic biomarkers in adults. Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, the data were collected from 135 subjects who underwent a comprehensive health checkup, including cardiac MDCT in adults (age ≥18 years). Cardiometabolic biomarkers and an index of cardiac age were measured. Results: Sixty-one (45.2%) had MetS and 44 subjects (32.6%) presented with moderate or severe coronary artery stenosis (CAS) on cardiac MDCT. MetS had positive correlations with several anthropometric variables, metabolic variables [triglyceride, gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR)], and systolic blood pressure, cardiac parameters, an index of cardiac age and CAS, whereas had a negative correlation with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol. The diagnostic accuracy for MetS had similar area under the curve among the four variables (index of cardiac age, CAS, HOMA-IR, GGT). On age-adjusted multivariate analysis, only high index of cardiac age (≥55.0 years), and high HOMA-IR (≥1.22) were significantly and independently associated with MetS [odds ratio (OR) 2.48, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.19-5.18, P = 0.016 and OR 3.41, 95% CI 1.65-7.06, P = 0.001, respectively]. Conclusion: Adults with MetS had higher index of cardiac age and higher HOMA-IR, compared with adults without MetS.

Keywords: aging; computed tomography angiography; heart; insulin resistance; metabolic syndrome.