Purpose: Open colorectal surgery is associated with a high rate of postoperative wound complications. This is a single-arm study of real-world outcomes of triclosan-coated barbed suture (Ethicon's STRATAFIXTM Symmetric PDSTM Plus Knotless Tissue Control Device [SSPP]) used in open colorectal surgery.
Methods: Retrospective cohort study using the Premier Healthcare Database. The study included patients who underwent an inpatient open colorectal surgery with wound closure using SSPP (size 0 or 1 to increase the likelihood the suture was used in fascia) between October 2015-September 2019 (N=593). Wound complications, hospital length of stay, total hospital costs (2019 US$), and all-cause readmissions post-discharge were measured. Post-hoc multivariable analyses compared wound complications between non-elective admissions and elective.
Results: The overall incidence of wound complications within 30-days post-procedure was 7.1%, with the majority of those being surgical site infections (SSI) (6.0%). Mean operation time was 190 (standard deviation [SD]=64.4) mins, postoperative length of stay was 8.1 (SD=11.9) days, 30-day readmission rate was 11.8%, and total hospital costs were $31,693 (SD=$40,076). As compared with published literature on the rate of SSI in colorectal surgery, the 30-day rate of SSI in the present study (6.0%) fell within the range of 5.4% to 18.2% for open colorectal surgery and from 4.3% to 21.5% for combined open and minimally invasive procedures. Multivariable-adjusted incidence proportions of wound complications were slightly lower for non-elective admissions and did not differ significantly from those of elective admissions.
Conclusion: The rate of wound complications observed in the present study falls within the range of rates previously reported in the literature, suggesting a safe and effective role for SSPP in open colorectal surgery. In post hoc analyses, the adjusted rate of wound complications was similar between non-elective and elective admissions. Head-to-head studies are required to determine comparative advantages or disadvantages for SSPP versus other sutures.
Keywords: barbed sutures; open colorectal surgery; sigmoidectomy; surgical site infections; wound dehiscence.
© 2021 Johnson et al.