Imaging findings of benign and malignant pediatric splenic lesions

Abdom Radiol (NY). 2021 Jul;46(7):3245-3252. doi: 10.1007/s00261-021-03004-z. Epub 2021 Mar 4.


Splenic lesions in children have a wide histological spectrum. The majority of pediatric splenic lesions are benign and detected incidentally, and the most common benign lesions are cysts, followed by hemangiomas and lymphatic malformations. Most of the splenic malignancies in children are secondary to leukemia or lymphoma. The purpose of this article is to describe the ultrasonography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of benign and malignant splenic lesions in the pediatric age group.

Keywords: Children; Computed tomography; Focal lesions; Magnetic resonance imaging; Spleen; Ultrasonography.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Splenic Diseases* / diagnostic imaging
  • Splenic Neoplasms* / diagnostic imaging
  • Ultrasonography