SwarnSeq: An improved statistical approach for differential expression analysis of single-cell RNA-seq data

Genomics. 2021 Mar 1;113(3):1308-1324. doi: 10.1016/j.ygeno.2021.02.014. Online ahead of print.

Abstract

Single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) is a powerful technology that is capable of generating gene expression data at the resolution of individual cell. The scRNA-seq data is characterized by the presence of dropout events, which severely bias the results if they remain unaddressed. There are limited Differential Expression (DE) approaches which consider the biological processes, which lead to dropout events, in the modeling process. So, we develop, SwarnSeq, an improved method for DE, and other downstream analysis that considers the molecular capture process in scRNA-seq data modeling. The performance of the proposed method is benchmarked with 11 existing methods on 10 different real scRNA-seq datasets under three comparison settings. We demonstrate that SwarnSeq method has improved performance over the 11 existing methods. This improvement is consistently observed across several public scRNA-seq datasets generated using different scRNA-seq protocols. The external spike-ins data can be used in the SwarnSeq method to enhance its performance. AVAILABILITY AND IMPLEMENTATION: The method is implemented as a publicly available R package available at https://github.com/sam-uofl/SwarnSeq.

Keywords: Capture rates; Differential expression; Dispersion; SwarnSeq; Zero inflated negative binomial; scRNA-seq.