Imaging Health and Radiology Care of Transgender Patients: A Call to Build Evidence-Based Best Practices

J Am Coll Radiol. 2021 Mar;18(3 Pt B):475-480. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2020.10.008.


Transgender people have a gender identity that differs from their natal sex and experience many forms of discrimination, including within the health care field. Although transgender patients only comprise 0.6% of the adult US population, they frequently require imaging evaluation. Few published articles provide data-driven research on optimizing education of the radiology care team and delivery of inclusive and respectful imaging care to this vulnerable population; existing data suggest prior areas of success and prior areas of failure. Here, we offer specific recommendations on how radiology care team members can better serve transgender patients and begin generating much needed evidence-based best practices to improve their imaging health and care.

Keywords: Diversity; gender identity; health care disparities; inclusion; transgender patients.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Diagnostic Imaging
  • Female
  • Gender Identity
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Radiography
  • Radiology*
  • Transgender Persons*