Liver SBRT with active motion-compensation results in excellent local control for liver oligometastases: An outcome analysis of a pooled multi-platform patient cohort

Radiother Oncol. 2021 May:158:230-236. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2021.02.036. Epub 2021 Mar 3.


Background: Local treatment of metastases in combination with systemic therapy can prolong survival of oligo-metastasized patients. To fully exploit this potential, safe and effective treatments are needed to ensure long-term metastases control. Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) is one means, however, for moving liver tumors correct delivery of high doses is challenging. After validating equal in-vivo treatment accuracy, we analyzed a pooled multi-platform liver-SBRT-database for clinical outcome.

Methods: Local control (LC), progression-free interval (PFI), overall survival (OS), predictive factors and toxicity was evaluated in 135 patients with 227 metastases treated by gantry-based SBRT (deep-inspiratory breath-hold-gating; n = 71) and robotic-based SBRT (fiducial-tracking, n = 156) with mean gross tumor volume biological effective dose (GTV-BEDα/β=10Gy) of 146.6 Gy10.

Results: One-, and five-year LC was 90% and 68.7%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, LC was significantly predicted by colorectal histology (p = 0.006). Median OS was 20 months with one- and two-year OS of 67% and 37%. On multivariate analysis, ECOG-status (p = 0.003), simultaneous chemotherapy (p = 0.003), time from metastasis detection to SBRT-treatment (≥2months; p = 0.021) and LC of the treated metastases (≥12 months, p < 0.009) were significant predictors for OS. One- and two-year PFI were 30.5% and 14%. Acute toxicity was mild and rare (14.4% grade I, 2.3% grade II, 0.6% grade III). Chronic °III/IV toxicities occurred in 1.1%.

Conclusions: Patient selection, time to treatment and sufficient doses are essential to achieve optimal outcome for SBRT with active motion compensation. Local control appears favorable compared to historical control. Long-term LC of the treated lesions was associated with longer overall survival.

Keywords: Active motion management; CyberKnife; Deep inspiration breath hold; Liver SBRT; Robotic tracking.

MeSH terms

  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Liver
  • Radiosurgery* / adverse effects
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Survival Rate