The Rheometric Analysis of the Polymer Modifier's Properties in the Environment of Hydrated Cement

Materials (Basel). 2021 Feb 24;14(5):1064. doi: 10.3390/ma14051064.


This paper investigates the effect of polymer modifiers (re-dispersible powder, multifunctional additives, methylhydroxyethylcellulose) on the rheological behavior of emulsions, saturated of calcium hydrosilicates to simulate a hydrating cement structure. The subjects of the study were modified emulsions which had varied concentrations of each additive and they were examined comparatively to a base emulsion. Tests were performed with a CR-rheometer ("Himpribor-1", Tula, Russia) applying the Searle measuring principle at various shear rates to characterize viscosity properties. The performance of modified mixtures within the operating period was analyzed by using two parameters-effective viscosity (η) and the proportion of structural failure (|m|). The test results showed that the most important factor influencing rheological characteristics is the addition of methylhydroxyethylcellulose additive-the higher additive amount in the emulsion, the higher the viscosity. Furthermore it was noted in the work that adding olefin sulfonate sodium salt causes reduced viscosities as well as lower shear moduli. If ethylhydroxyethylcellulose and ethylene vinyl acetate additives are used in the same mixture together, the rate of structural failure |m| can be relatively similar and low regardless of whether the mixture has large or small viscosity values.

Keywords: cement structure; ethylene vinyl acetate; methylhydroxyethylcellulose; polymers; rheometry; sodium salt.