Measuring Aqueduct of Sylvius Cerebrospinal Fluid Flow in Multiple Sclerosis Using Different Software

Diagnostics (Basel). 2021 Feb 17;11(2):325. doi: 10.3390/diagnostics11020325.


Aqueduct of Sylvius (AoS) cerebrospinal fluid flow can be quantified using phase-contrast (PC) Magnetic Resonance Imaging. The software used for AoS segmentation might affect the PC-derived measures. We analyzed AoS PC data of 30 people with multiple sclerosis and 19 normal controls using three software packages, and estimated cross-sectional area (CSA), average and highest AoS velocity (Vmean and Vmax), flow rate and volume. Our aims were to assess the repeatability and reproducibility of each PC-derived measure obtained with the various software packages, including in terms of group differentiation. All the variables had good repeatability, except the average Vmean, flow rate and volume obtained with one software package. Substantial to perfect agreement was seen when evaluating the overlap between the AoS segmentations obtained with different software packages. No variable was significantly different between software packages, with the exception of Vmean diastolic peak and CSA. Vmax diastolic peak differentiated groups, regardless of the software package. In conclusion, a clinical study should preliminarily evaluate the repeatability in order to interpret its findings. Vmax seemed to be a repeatable and reproducible measure, since the pixel with its value is usually located in the center of the AoS, and is thus unlikely be affected by ROI size.

Keywords: aqueduct of Sylvius; cerebrospinal fluid; magnetic resonance imaging; multiple sclerosis; phase contrast MRI.