Objective: To explore hypersensitivity to pain and musculoskeletal impairments in the lumbopelvic area in women with and without endometriosis.
Methods: This cross-sectional study included 66 women (41 women with endometriosis and 25 healthy women). Pain and related catastrophizing thoughts were assessed through a numeric rating scale, pressure pain thresholds (PPTs), the slump test, and the Pain Catastrophizing Scale. Lumbopelvic muscles were evaluated through ultrasound imaging, flexor/extensor resistance tests, and the lumbopelvic stability test.
Results: Women with endometriosis showed increased self-reported intensity of current pelvic pain (CuPP), reduced local PPTs (42.8-64.7% in the affected area, P-value <.001) and higher prevalence of lumbar nerve root impingement/irritation pain and catastrophizing thoughts (P-value ≤.002). Moreover, affected women showed decreased thickness of transversus abdominis, reduced resistance of flexor and extensor trunk muscles and lower lumbopelvic stability (P-values <.030). Endometriosis stage and severity of CuPP were related to worse results in these parameters.
Conclusions: The presence of pain sensitization signs and lumbopelvic impairments, more pronounced in patients with stage IV endometriosis and moderate/severe CuPP, warrants the development of rehabilitation interventions targeting pain and lumbopelvic impairments in women with endometriosis.
Keywords: Abdominal Muscles; Back Muscles; Endometriosis; Lumbopelvic Stability; Pain Pressure Threshold; Pelvic Pain.
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