Disintegrin and metalloproteinase 28 (ADAM28) is a member of the disintegrin and metalloprotease domain (ADAM) family. It is associated with the growth and metastasis of various malignancies in vivo, but its role in gastric cancer remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ADAM28 derived from gastric cancer and endothelium on gastric cancer cells and its related mechanisms. In this study, Western blot analysis and q-PCR results showed that ADAM28 was up-regulated in gastric cancer cell lines. The TCGA database showed that patients with high ADAM28 expression had significantly shorter overall survival than those with low ADAM28 expression. By MTT analysis, wound healing assay, and flow cytometry, we found that overexpression/knockdown of ADAM28 expression in gastric cancer cells can regulate cell proliferation, apoptosis and migration in vitro. In addition, overexpression/knockdown of ADAM28 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) in the upper ventricle can regulate the apoptosis of lower ventricular gastric cancer cells in the co-culture system. Furthermore, ELISA demonstrated that knockdown of ADAM28 from endothelial cells increased the expression of von Willebrand Factor (vWF) in the supernatant. We found that ADAM28 both from gastric cancer cells and HUVECs eliminated vWF-induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells by cleaving vWF, and the addition of the vWF knockdown plasmid eliminated the increase of integrin β3, p-TP53 and c-Casp3 caused by ADAM28 knockdown. In conclusion, ADAM28 from endothelium and gastric cancer may cleave vWF to eliminate vWF-induced apoptosis of gastric cancer cells and play an pro-metastasis effect.
Keywords: ADAM28; Apoptosis; Co-culture; Gastric cancer; Human umbilical vein endothelial cells; von Willebrand factor.
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