Immunogenicity and safety of a nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccine in women 27-45 years of age compared to women 16-26 years of age: An open-label phase 3 study

Vaccine. 2021 May 12;39(20):2800-2809. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2021.01.074. Epub 2021 Mar 3.


Background: Efficacy of the nine-valent human papillomavirus (9vHPV; HPV types 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58) vaccine was demonstrated in a phase 3 study in women 16-26 years of age. We present a phase 3 immunogenicity and safety study of the 9vHPV vaccine in women 27-45 versus 16-26 years of age.

Methods: This international, open-label study (NCT03158220) was conducted in women 16-45 years of age. Participants (16-26 years, n = 570 and 27-45 years, n = 642) received a three-dose 9vHPV vaccination regimen (day 1, month 2, month 6). Month 7 geometric mean titers (GMTs) and seroconversion percentages to anti-HPV 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 were assessed. Participants were followed for safety throughout the study.

Results: At month 7, anti-HPV 6/11/16/18/31/33/45/52/58 GMTs in women 27-45 years were compared to those in women 16-26 years of age. The primary hypothesis of non-inferiority of anti-HPV 16/18/31/33/45/52/58 GMTs in older versus younger women was met. The lower bound of the GMT ratio 95% confidence interval (27-45 years to 16-26 years) was 0.60-0.67 depending on HPV type, exceeding the non-inferiority margin of 0.5 for all HPV types. Month 7 seroconversion percentages in women 27-45 years of age were >99% for all HPV types. Injection-site and vaccine-related systemic adverse events (AEs) were observed in 87.5% and 25.1% of women 16-26 years, and 85.2% and 24.1% of women 27-45 years of age, respectively; no vaccine-related serious AEs were reported and no deaths occurred during the study.

Conclusions: The 9vHPV vaccine elicited non-inferior anti-HPV GMTs in women 27-45 years compared with women 16-26 years of age for HPV 16/18/31/33/45/52/58. The vaccine was generally well tolerated with a similar AE profile across the age groups. These data support bridging 9vHPV vaccine efficacy findings in women 16-26 years to women 27-45 years of age. Clinical trial registration NCT03158220.

Keywords: Adult vaccination; Cervical cancer; HPV prophylaxis; Human papillomavirus; Nine-valent human papillomavirus vaccine; Precancer.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial, Phase III
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Female
  • Human papillomavirus 16
  • Human papillomavirus 18
  • Humans
  • Immunogenicity, Vaccine
  • Papillomavirus Infections* / prevention & control
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines* / adverse effects
  • Young Adult


  • Antibodies, Viral
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines

Associated data