Analysing the yeast complexome-the Complex Portal rising to the challenge

Nucleic Acids Res. 2021 Apr 6;49(6):3156-3167. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkab077.


The EMBL-EBI Complex Portal is a knowledgebase of macromolecular complexes providing persistent stable identifiers. Entries are linked to literature evidence and provide details of complex membership, function, structure and complex-specific Gene Ontology annotations. Data are freely available and downloadable in HUPO-PSI community standards and missing entries can be requested for curation. In collaboration with Saccharomyces Genome Database and UniProt, the yeast complexome, a compendium of all known heteromeric assemblies from the model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae, was curated. This expansion of knowledge and scope has led to a 50% increase in curated complexes compared to the previously published dataset, CYC2008. The yeast complexome is used as a reference resource for the analysis of complexes from large-scale experiments. Our analysis showed that genes coding for proteins in complexes tend to have more genetic interactions, are co-expressed with more genes, are more multifunctional, localize more often in the nucleus, and are more often involved in nucleic acid-related metabolic processes and processes where large machineries are the predominant functional drivers. A comparison to genetic interactions showed that about 40% of expanded co-complex pairs also have genetic interactions, suggesting strong functional links between complex members.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Datasets as Topic
  • Gene Ontology
  • Knowledge Bases
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*


  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins