Purpose: To evaluate the pharmacokinetic properties of UGN-101, a mitomycin-containing reverse thermal gel used as primary chemoablative treatment for low-grade upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC), in a subset of patients participating in a phase 3 clinical trial.
Methods: Pharmacokinetic parameters (Cmax, Tmax, AUC(0-6), λz, t½, and AUCinf) were evaluated in six participants (male or female, ≥ 18 years) with biopsy-proven, low-grade UTUC who received the first of 6 once-weekly instillations of UGN-101 to the renal pelvis and calyces via retrograde ureteral catheter. Plasma samples were collected prior to instillation and 30 min, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6 h post-instillation. Safety was assessed by laboratory evaluations, physical exam, and adverse event monitoring.
Results: The mean age of the six participants was 69 years; most were male (5/6) and Caucasian (5/6). Mean (SD) Cmax was 6.24 (4.11) ng/mL and mean Tmax was 1.79 (1.89) hours after instillation. Mean apparent t½ following instillation was 1.27 (0.63) hours. Mean total systemic exposure to mitomycin up to 6 h post-instillation was 20.30 (19.69) ng h/mL. At 6 h post-instillation, mitomycin plasma concentrations of 5/6 participants were < 2 ng/mL. There were no clinically important adverse events or changes in laboratory values in any participant after a single instillation of UGN-101.
Conclusion: The reverse thermal gel formulation of UGN-101 is associated with higher concentration and extended dwell time of mitomycin in contact with the urothelium of the upper urinary tract while limiting systemic absorption of mitomycin.
Registration: NCT02793128; registered June 8, 2016.
Keywords: Mitomycin; Pharmacokinetics; UGN-101; UTUC; Upper tract urothelial carcinoma.