Adoption of a novel smart mobile-health application technology to track chronic immunosuppression adherence in solid organ transplantation: Results of a prospective, observational, multicentre, pilot study

Clin Transplant. 2021 May;35(5):e14278. doi: 10.1111/ctr.14278. Epub 2021 Mar 16.


Background: Low adherence to chronic immunosuppression is associated with suboptimal transplantation outcomes. Mobile-health technology is a promising tool to monitor medication adherence, but data on patient engagement to these tools are lacking.

Methods: Prospective, observational, multicenter, 2-phase trial in kidney and liver transplant recipients, investigating the degree of engagement to TrackYourMed® (TYM), a novel m-Health technology with a QR code-scan app to track immunosuppression adherence and its association with drug monitoring.

Results: Out of 204 consecutive transplant patients, 90 patients were eligible to participate. 61 (68%) used TYM regularly, 21 (23%) never or barely used it, 5 (5.5%) were irregular users, and 3 (3.3%) were lost to follow-up. 6-month total correct intakes (CIN) ranged between 69%-76%, 12%-19% intakes were out-of-time (OUT), and 9%-12% were missed (MIS). Notably, a rate of intakes out of the scheduled time higher than 20% in the 6 days prior to blood immunosuppressant trough levels was associated with a higher intra-patient variability (17 IQR 13-21% vs. 29 IQR 23%-36%, p = .001), and with a higher dose-adjustment (p < .001). At 1 year, 53(59%) patients were still active users of TYM.

Conclusions: Implementing m-Health technologies promoting immunosuppression adherence may be useful for a relevant number of transplant patients and help transplant physicians identifying erratic immunosuppression adherence.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Biomedical Technology
  • Humans
  • Immunosuppression Therapy
  • Immunosuppressive Agents
  • Kidney Transplantation*
  • Medication Adherence
  • Mobile Applications*
  • Organ Transplantation*
  • Pilot Projects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Technology
  • Telemedicine*


  • Immunosuppressive Agents