Development and Evaluation of an Inter-professional Education Course at a Medical School in Korea

J Korean Med Sci. 2021 Mar 8;36(9):e69. doi: 10.3346/jkms.2021.36.e69.

Abstract

Background: Interprofessional collaborative practice (IPCP) is emphasized in medical care for patient safety. As patient care is provided by teams, interprofessional competence is required to ensure the quality and safety of care and should be taught as early as possible. In this study, we introduced a 2-week interprofessional education (IPE) curriculum and attempted to describe and evaluate its effectiveness among medical students.

Methods: We developed a 2-week IPE course and gave it to third- or fourth-year medical students (n = 166) from 2018 to 2019. The curriculum was composed of interactive lectures, discussions, small-group discussions, and simulation and was given to diverse medical students. Students were asked to report their satisfaction with the IPE program, write a reflection paper, and complete readiness for interprofessional learning scale (RIPLS) questionnaires before, immediately after, and 4 months after the curriculum. We also obtained 360° evaluations of the students by other health professionals 1 year after the training.

Results: The IPE program changed students' attitudes about interprofessional learning, from less favorable to more favorable. The 360° evaluation by nurses revealed that students became more favored as teammates (overall satisfaction with them as teammates increased from 3.1/5 to 3.4/5) compared to medical interns before IPE training, and complaints from nurses about medical interns were significantly less frequent 1 year after the training.

Conclusion: The IPE program was effective in preparing medical students for team based collaborative practice even though it was short and exposed once in the curriculum. Further extension to other medical schools is recommended.

Keywords: Interprofessional Collaborative Practice; Interprofessional Education; Medical Education.