Azole-treated plant bulbs have already been evoked as a potential explanation of the worldwide spread of azole-resistant Aspergillus fumigatus (ARAf). We previously pointed out the presence of a high rate of ARAf (71% of A. fumigatus detected on azole-supplemented media) in flower beds containing azole-treated bulbs at the hospital's surroundings. We show here that planting organic bulbs can be a solution to reduce ARAf burden (from 71% rate to below 3%). The results suggest that replacing treated bulbs with organic bulbs may be sufficient to regain a population that is predominantly susceptible in just 1 year.
Lay summary: Antifungal resistance is increasingly observed in fungal pathogens. This study argues that planting organic bulbs in hospitals' outdoor surroundings could be a good alternative to continue to beautify green spaces, without the risk of dissipating antifungal-resistant fungal pathogens.
Keywords: Aspergillus fumigatus; TR34/L98H qPCR detection; azole resistance; hospital environment; organic tulips bulbs.
© The Author(s) 2021. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology.