The authors present an atypical case of presumed stroke-like migraine attacks after radiation therapy (SMART) syndrome in the brainstem. A 29-year-old male, who had been treated with resection and subsequent craniospinal radiation for posterior fossa medulloblastoma 21 years before, presented with subacute progressive left hemiparesis evolving over 4 days. Hematological findings, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), and electroencephalogram (EEG) were unremarkable. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a round area of hyperintense FLAIR signal centered within the pons associated with central restricted diffusion, peripheral enhancement, and small paramagnetic low susceptibility signal foci consistent with petechial hemorrhage. Positron emission tomography (PET), perfusion MRI, and MR spectroscopy revealed no evidence of tumor recurrence. The diagnosis of SMART syndrome is presumed from the conventional and advanced imaging findings, clinical history, and clinical course.
Keywords: Brainstem; DSC MR perfusion; MRS; PET-CT; SMART syndrome; SWI.
© 2021. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.