" One size does not fit all" and other lessons learned from grants for implementation of the AHRQ medication assisted treatment for opioid use disorder in rural primary care

Subst Abus. 2021;42(2):136-139. doi: 10.1080/08897077.2021.1891600. Epub 2021 Mar 11.


Purpose: This article summarizes lessons learned from five AHRQ grants to implement Medication for Opioid Use Disorder (MOUD) in rural primary care practices. Methods: Lessons learned were extracted from quarterly and annual grantee progress reports, minutes from quarterly virtual meetings, and minutes and notes from annual grantee in-person meetings. The lessons learned were drafted by the authors and reviewed by the grantees for accuracy. Results: The experience of these projects suggest that recruiting providers in rural areas and engaging them to initiate and sustain provision of MOUD is very difficult. Innovative approaches and providing supports are required for supporting providers to overcome barriers. Implications: Implementation of MOUD in rural primary care is challenging but success is more likely if implementers are attentive to the needs of individual providers, are flexible and tailor implementation to the local situation, and provide on-going support.

Keywords: Medication assisted treatment of opioid; medications for opioid use disorder; primary health care; rural health; substance abuse.

MeSH terms

  • Health Services Accessibility*
  • Humans
  • Opioid-Related Disorders* / drug therapy
  • Primary Health Care
  • Rural Population