Assessment of genetic risk of type 2 diabetes among Pakistanis based on GWAS-implicated loci

Gene. 2021 May 30:783:145563. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2021.145563. Epub 2021 Mar 9.


Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified multiple type 2 diabetes (T2D) loci, mostly among populations of European descent. There is a high prevalence of T2D among Pakistanis. Both genetic and environmental factors may be responsible for this high prevalence. In order to understand the shared genetic basis of T2D among Pakistanis and Europeans, we examined 77 genome-wide significant variants previously implicated among European populations. We genotyped 77 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) by iPLEX® Gold or TaqMan® assays in a case-control sample of 1,683 individuals. Association analysis was performed using logistic regression. A total of 16 SNPs (TCF7L2/rs7903146, GLIS3/rs7041847, CHCHD9/rs13292136, PLEKHA1/rs2292626, FTO/rs9936385, CDKAL1/rs7756992, KCNJ11/rs5215, LOC105372155/rs12970134, KCNQ1/rs163182, CTRB1/rs7202877, ST6GAL1/rs16861329, ADAMTS9-AS2/rs6795735, LOC105370275/rs1359790, C5orf67/rs459193, ZBED3-AS1/rs6878122 and UBE2E2/rs7612463) showed statistically significant associations after controlling for the false discovery rate. While KCNQ1/rs163182 and ZBED3-AS1/rs6878122 showed opposite allelic effects, the remaining significant SNPs had the same allelic effects as reported previously. Our data indicate that a selected number of T2D loci previously identified among populations of European descent also affect the risk of T2D in the Pakistani population.

Keywords: GWAS significant SNPs; Pakistani population; Susceptibility loci; Type 2 diabetes.

MeSH terms

  • Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 / genetics*
  • Female
  • Genetic Predisposition to Disease
  • Genome-Wide Association Study*
  • Genotyping Techniques
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Pakistan
  • Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
  • Risk Assessment