Development of alkylating agent-resistant human tumor cell lines

Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 1988;21(4):292-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00264194.

Abstract

Survival curves and dose escalation studies of four representative human tumor cell lines exposed to the various alkylating agents are presented. With HN2, at a level of one log of cell kill there was a fivefold range in drug concentration required to achieve this degree of cell kill among the cell lines, from 4.5 microM for the SL6 lung adenocarcinoma to 22 microM for the SW2 small-cell lung carcinoma. Four logs of SCC-25 squamous carcinoma cells were killed by 100 microM CDDP; however, there was only about one log of SL6 cells killed by 500 microM CDDP. To kill one log of G3361 melanoma cells required 24 microM 4-HC and to kill one log of SCC-25 cells required 24 microM, approximately a 16-fold difference. The curves for cell kill by L-PAM appeared to be biphasic, with a break at about 100 microM. There was about a threefold range in drug concentration required to achieve one log of cell kill with L-PAM, from 60 microM in the SCC-25 cell line to 18 microM in the SW2 line. To kill one log of SCC-25 cells required 295 microM BCNU and to kill one log of SW2 cell required 120 microM, about a 2.5-fold difference. The range of maximally tolerated HN2 concentrations were from 1200 microM for the SL6 cell line, 48 times the initial concentration, to 300 microM for the SCC-25 line, 16 times the initial concentration. The G3361 line tolerated the highest level of CDDP, 1900 microM, 48 times the initial concentration. The SCC-25 line, on the other hand, tolerated only 600 microM, 30 times the initial concentration. The SL6 cell line maximally tolerated 36 times the initial concentration of 4-HC (1450 microM), whereas the SCC-25 cell line tolerated only 18 times the initial concentration (720 microM). The G3361 melanoma tolerated 1555 microM, 30 times the initial concentration of L-PAM, and the SCC-25 cell line tolerated 700 microM, 14 times the initial concentration. The SL6 cell line tolerated the highest concentration of BCNU, 4200 microM, 24 times the initial concentration. The SCC-25 cell line tolerated 1450 microM, 8 times the initial concentration. In all cases, the SCC-25 cell line was least able to tolerate exposure to increasing concentrations of alkylating agents. The SL6 and G3361 cell lines showed the greatest tolerance for increasing concentrations of alkylating agents.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alkylating Agents / pharmacology*
  • Antineoplastic Agents / pharmacology*
  • Cell Line / drug effects*
  • Cell Survival / drug effects
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Drug Resistance
  • Humans
  • Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Statistics as Topic

Substances

  • Alkylating Agents
  • Antineoplastic Agents