Introduction: Over the past two decades, deeper understanding of B-cell signaling pathways and other mechanisms of lymphomagenesis have yielded promising targets for novel drugs in the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma.Areas covered: This article provides a comprehensive review of approved synthetic drugs targeting the BTK, PI3K, immunomodulation, proteasome, HDAC, EZH2, and nuclear export pathways in non-Hodgkin lymphoma. The review includes coverage of the pharmacology, efficacy, toxicity, and active areas of research for each drug. The authors also provide their expert perspectives on the field and their opinions for the future.Expert opinion: Although novel synthetic drugs have generally not impacted clinical practice to the same extent as immune and cellular therapies, there remains an important role for targeted drugs in the treatment of non-Hodgkin lymphoma, particularly in the relapsed setting and for patients ineligible for more intensive therapies. Clinical outcomes and tolerability may improve further with the development of newer generations of synthetic drugs and emerging combination regimens with other targeted and immune therapies.
Keywords: HDAC inhibitors; Non-Hodgkin lymphoma; btk inhibitors; ezh2 inhibitors; immunomodulatory drugs (imids); pi3k inhibitors; proteasome inhibitors; sine.