Objectives: To investigate the effects of hydration with or without Hydroxyethyl Starch (HES) 130/0.4 on neurological outcomes and medical costs during hospitalisation in patients with a single infarction (SI) in the posterior lenticulostriate artery (LSA) territory.
Materials and methods: In this retrospective, single-centre, non-blinded cohort study, SI in the posterior LSA was defined as an ischaemic lesion with a high-signal intensity area ≥20 mm. All patients received basic stroke care within 48 h of symptom onset between April 2015 and January 2019. Patients were divided into the following two groups by clinician's preference: 1) those administered HES 130/0.4 and 2) those receiving other infusion fluid. The relationships between hospital costs and hydration therapy type were examined.
Results: Eighteen (31%) of 58 patients received HES 130/0.4. The HES group had a significantly lower total cost than the control group (3.6 vs. 6.4 million yen, p=0.006). Moreover, the HES group had a significantly shorter hospital stay duration (79.5 vs. 141.0 days) and lower National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale score on day 7. Multivariate analysis found that HES 130/0.4 administration was an independent factor associated with high costs.
Conclusions: Hydration therapy with HES 130/0.4 significantly decreased the total costs and hospitalisation duration of patients with SI in the posterior LSA territory.
Keywords: Haemodilution; Hydration therapy; Hydroxyethyl Starch 130/0.4; Lenticulostriate artery territory; Progressive motor deficit; Stroke.
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