The aim of this systematic review is to provide an overview of the literature on the effects of bariatric surgery on obesity-associated electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities and cardiac arrhythmias. Fourteen studies were included with a methodological quality ranging from poor to good. Majority of the studies showed a significant decrease of QT interval and related measures after bariatric surgery. Seven studies were included in the meta-analysis on effects of bariatric surgery on QTc interval and a significant decrease in QTc interval of - 33.6 ms, 95%CI [- 49.8 to - 17.4] was seen. Bariatric surgery results in significant decrease in QTc interval and P-wave dispersion, i.e., a normalization of initial pathology. The effects on atrial fibrillation are conflicting and not yet fully understood.
Keywords: Atrial fibrillation; Bariatric surgery; Heart rhythm disorders; Metabolic surgery; Obesity.