An epigenetic modifier induces production of 3-(4-oxopyrano)-chromen-2-ones in Aspergillus sp. AST0006, an endophytic fungus of Astragalus lentiginosus

Tetrahedron. 2020 Oct 23;76(43):131525. doi: 10.1016/j.tet.2020.131525. Epub 2020 Aug 22.


Incorporation of the epigenetic modifier suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) into a potato dextrose broth culture of the endophytic fungus Aspergillus sp. AST0006 affected its polyketide biosynthetic pathway providing two new 3-(4-oxopyrano)-chromen-2-ones, aspyranochromenones A (1) and B (2), and the isocoumarin, (-)-6,7-dihydroxymellein (3). Eight additional metabolites (4-11) and two biotransformation products of SAHA (12-13) were also encountered. The planar structures and relative configurations of the new metabolites 1-2 were elucidated with the help of high-resolution mass, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopic data and the absolute configurations of 1-3 were determined by comparison of experimental and calculated ECD data. Possible biosynthetic pathways to 1 and 2 are presented.

Keywords: Aspergillus sp. AST0006; Aspyranochromenones A and B; Endophytic fungus; Epigenetic modifier; Natural products.