Case Report: Detection of a Novel Germline PALB2 Deletion in a Young Woman With Hereditary Breast Cancer: When the Patient's Phenotype History Doesn't Lie

Front Oncol. 2021 Feb 24;11:602523. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.602523. eCollection 2021.

Abstract

The partner and localizer of BRCA2 (PALB2) is a major BRCA2 binding partner that participates in homologous recombination repair in response to DNA double-strand breaks. Germline alterations of the PALB2 gene have recently been associated with a high risk of developing breast cancer. We investigated a 37-year-old Caucasian woman with breast cancer and family history of breast cancer using targeted next generation sequencing. A novel heterozygous deletion involving exons 5 and 6 was found in the PALB2 gene, and resulted in the production of a truncated PALB2 protein. These findings expand the mutational spectra of PALB2-associated breast cancer, and may improve the mutation-based screening and genetic diagnosis of breast cancer.

Keywords: PALB2; breast-cancer risk; deletion; hereditary breast cancer; surveillance.

Publication types

  • Case Reports