Predictors of Hemodynamic Response to Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump Therapy in Patients With Acute Decompensated Heart Failure and Cardiogenic Shock

J Invasive Cardiol. 2021 Apr;33(4):E275-E280. Epub 2021 Mar 12.


Objectives: There is renewed interest in intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) use in chronic systolic heart failure (HF) patients with acute decompensation and cardiogenic shock (CS). We sought to identify predictors of early IABP response to guide optimal use in this population.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed records of chronic systolic HF patients presenting to our center between 2011-2018 with acute decompensated HF who received IABP for CS. An IABP responder was defined as having both an early cardiac output (CO) increase and mean pulmonary artery pressure (MPAP) decrease above the cohort median values.

Results: During this period, a total of 218 chronic systolic HF patients received IABP for acute decompensation with CS. The average CO increase was 0.57 ± 0.85 L/min and MPAP reduction was 5.1 ± 7.6 mm Hg. Fifty-six patients (25.7%) were identified as IABP responders, with mean CO increase of 1.21 ± 0.87 L/min and MPAP reduction of 12.1 ± 5.9 mm Hg. Systemic vascular resistance (SVR) >1300 dynes/sec/cm-5 (odds ratio [OR], 5.04; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.86-13.6; P<.01) and moderate-severe mitral regurgitation (OR, 2.42; 95% CI, 1.25-4.66; P<.01) predicted robust hemodynamic response.

Conclusions: A subset of chronic systolic HF patients had robust hemodynamic response to IABP with significant CO augmentation and MPAP reduction. Higher SVR and moderate-severe mitral regurgitation predicted early hemodynamic response to IABP.

Keywords: cardiogenic shock; heart failure; intra-aortic balloon pump; mechanical circulatory support.

MeSH terms

  • Heart Failure* / diagnosis
  • Heart Failure* / therapy
  • Hemodynamics
  • Humans
  • Myocardial Infarction*
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Shock, Cardiogenic / diagnosis
  • Shock, Cardiogenic / etiology
  • Shock, Cardiogenic / therapy
  • Treatment Outcome