Trichothiodystrophy is a group of multisystem neuroectodermal disorders with dysplastic hair as the cardinal symptom. We describe three patients from two Finnish families in whom whole-exome sequencing revealed a novel homozygous variant, c.26del, p.(Pro9Glnfs*144) in the MPLKIP-gene, confirming the diagnosis of non-photosensitive trichothiodystrophy type 4 (TTD4). The variant was confirmed by Sanger sequencing and inherited from unaffected carrier parents. This report adds to the literature by expanding the genetic and phenotypic spectra of MPLKIP-related trichothiodystrophy. We describe dysmorphic features in the patients and provide a comparison of clinical characteristics in patients with TTD4 reported to date.
Keywords: C7orf11; TTD4; TTDN1; tiger tail; trichorrhexis; trichoschisis.
© 2021 The Authors. American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A published by Wiley Periodicals LLC.