Long-term outcomes after critical illness: recent insights

Crit Care. 2021 Mar 17;25(1):108. doi: 10.1186/s13054-021-03535-3.


Intensive care survivors often experience post-intensive care sequelae, which are frequently gathered together under the term "post-intensive care syndrome" (PICS). The consequences of PICS on quality of life, health-related costs and hospital readmissions are real public health problems. In the present Viewpoint, we summarize current knowledge and gaps in our understanding of PICS and approaches to management.

Keywords: Core set; Critically ill; Follow-up; ICU-acquired weakness; Intensive care unit; Muscle weakness; Post-intensive care syndrome; Post-traumatic stress disorder; Quality of care.

MeSH terms

  • Critical Illness / epidemiology
  • Critical Illness / psychology*
  • Critical Illness / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Intensive Care Units / organization & administration
  • Intensive Care Units / statistics & numerical data
  • Nutrition Therapy / methods
  • Patient Participation / psychology
  • Survivors / psychology*
  • Time*

Supplementary concepts

  • postintensive care syndrome