Behavior of dicentric chromosomes in budding yeast

PLoS Genet. 2021 Mar 18;17(3):e1009442. doi: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1009442. eCollection 2021 Mar.

Abstract

DNA double-strand breaks arise in vivo when a dicentric chromosome (two centromeres on one chromosome) goes through mitosis with the two centromeres attached to opposite spindle pole bodies. Repair of the DSBs generates phenotypic diversity due to the range of monocentric derivative chromosomes that arise. To explore whether DSBs may be differentially repaired as a function of their spatial position in the chromosome, we have examined the structure of monocentric derivative chromosomes from cells containing a suite of dicentric chromosomes in which the distance between the two centromeres ranges from 6.5 kb to 57.7 kb. Two major classes of repair products, homology-based (homologous recombination (HR) and single-strand annealing (SSA)) and end-joining (non-homologous (NHEJ) and micro-homology mediated (MMEJ)) were identified. The distribution of repair products varies as a function of distance between the two centromeres. Genetic dependencies on double strand break repair (Rad52), DNA ligase (Lif1), and S phase checkpoint (Mrc1) are indicative of distinct repair pathway choices for DNA breaks in the pericentromeric chromatin versus the arms.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Centromere / genetics*
  • Chromosomes, Fungal*
  • DNA Breaks, Double-Stranded
  • DNA Repair
  • Fungal Proteins
  • Homologous Recombination
  • Phenotype*
  • Saccharomycetales / genetics*
  • Saccharomycetales / metabolism

Substances

  • Fungal Proteins