This study aimed to analyze the risk factors for piperacillin-tazobactam (TZP1)-resistant Enterobacter spp. bacteremia. The medical records of 111 patients with Enterobacter spp. bacteremia divided into a TZP-susceptible group (minimum inhibitory concentrations [MICs2] ≤16 μg/mL) and TZP-resistant group (MICs >16 μg/mL) were retrospectively reviewed. The male-to-female ratio, age, underlying disease, and infection site did not differ between the 2 groups. Multivariate analysis revealed that the independent predictor associated with TZP-resistant Enterobacter spp. bacteremia was the previous usage of third-generation cephalosporins (P = 0.036). In conclusion, TZP administration in cases of suspected Enterobacter spp. bacteremia previously treated with third-generation cephalosporin should be cautiously considered.
Keywords: AmpC β-lactamase; Bacteremia; Enterobacter; Tazobactam piperacillin; Third-generation cephalosporin.
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