Necrotizing Enterocolitis Following Pediatric Living Donor Liver Transplant

Exp Clin Transplant. 2021 Apr;19(4):390-392. doi: 10.6002/ect.2020.0287. Epub 2021 Mar 16.


Necrotizing enterocolitis is one of the most common and worrying diseases in neonates, commonly shown in premature neonates, and is associated with significant mortality and morbidity. Necrotizing enterocolitis is characterized by intestinal mucosal injury that can progress to transmural bowel necrosis, and radiologically it can present with either pneumatosis intestinalis or portal venous gas. It is postulated to develop in an immunocompromised host in the setting of bacterial colonization, usually after administration of non-breast milk feed. Cow's milk allergy association with necrotizing enterocolitis has not been well determined, and the pathophysiology is still not clear. Necrotizing enterocolitis is very rare following living donor liver transplant. In our case, a 6-year-old boy who was doing well in the postoperative period had sudden worsening of general condition after he was started on milk feed. On evaluation and reexploration, he was diagnosed with necrotizing enterocolitis and later succumbed to death.

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  • Case Reports