Cardiac Rehabilitation for Patients With Heart Failure: JACC Expert Panel

J Am Coll Cardiol. 2021 Mar 23;77(11):1454-1469. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2021.01.030.


Cardiac rehabilitation is defined as a multidisciplinary program that includes exercise training, cardiac risk factor modification, psychosocial assessment, and outcomes assessment. Exercise training and other components of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) are safe and beneficial and result in significant improvements in quality of life, functional capacity, exercise performance, and heart failure (HF)-related hospitalizations in patients with HF. Despite outcome benefits, cost-effectiveness, and strong practice guideline recommendations, CR remains underused. Clinicians, health care leaders, and payers should prioritize incorporating CR as part of the standard of care for patients with HF.

Keywords: activity; cardiac rehabilitation; exercise; exercise training; functional status; heart failure.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Cardiac Rehabilitation / methods*
  • Functional Status
  • Heart Failure* / physiopathology
  • Heart Failure* / psychology
  • Heart Failure* / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life*
  • Treatment Outcome