Although nephrologists are responsible for the long-term care of dialysis patients, physicians from all disciplines will potentially be involved in the management of patients with kidney failure, including patients on peritoneal dialysis, the major home-based form of kidney-replacement therapy. This review aims to fill knowledge gaps of non-experts in peritoneal dialysis and to highlight key management aspects of in-hospital care of patients on peritoneal dialysis, with a focus on acute scenarios to facilitate prompt decision-making. The clinical pearls provided should enable non-nephrologists to avoid common pitfalls in the initial assessment of peritoneal dialysis-related complications and guide their decision regarding when to refer their patients to a specialist, resulting in improved multidisciplinary patient care.
Keywords: Complications; Non-nephrologists; Peritoneal dialysis.
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