Wound Bed Preparation 2021

Adv Skin Wound Care. 2021 Apr 1;34(4):183-195. doi: 10.1097/01.ASW.0000733724.87630.d6.


General purpose: To present the 2021 update of the Wound Bed Preparation paradigm.

Target audience: This continuing education activity is intended for physicians, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, and nurses with an interest in skin and wound care.

Learning objectives/outcomes: After participating in this educational activity, the participant will: 1. Apply wound assessment strategies. 2. Identify patient concerns about wound care. 3. Select management options for healable, nonhealable, and maintenance wounds.

Plain language summary

Wound Bed Preparation is a paradigm to optimize chronic wound treatment. This holistic approach examines the treatment of the cause and patient-centered concerns to determine if a wound is healable, a maintenance wound, or nonhealable (palliative). For healable wounds (with adequate blood supply and a cause that can be corrected), moisture balance is indicated along with active debridement and control of local infection or abnormal inflammation. In maintenance and nonhealable wounds, the emphasis changes to patient comfort, relieving pain, controlling odor, preventing infection by decreasing bacteria on the wound surface, conservative debridement of slough, and moisture management including exudate control. In this fourth revision, the authors have reformulated the model into 10 statements. This article will focus on the literature in the last 5 years or new interpretations of older literature. This process is designed to facilitate knowledge translation in the clinical setting and improve patient outcomes at a lower cost to the healthcare system.

MeSH terms

  • Debridement / methods
  • Education, Continuing*
  • Humans
  • Wound Healing / drug effects
  • Wound Healing / physiology
  • Wounds and Injuries / nursing*