Purpose: NUC-1031 is a first-in-class ProTide modification of gemcitabine. In PRO-002, NUC-1031 was combined with carboplatin in recurrent ovarian cancer.
Patients and methods: NUC-1031 was administered on days 1 and 8 with carboplatin on day 1 every 3 weeks for up to six cycles. Four dose cohorts of NUC-1031 (500, 625, and 750 mg/m2) with carboplatin (AUC4 or 5) were investigated. Primary endpoint was recommended phase II combination dose (RP2CD). Secondary endpoints included safety, investigator-assessed objective response rate (ORR), clinical benefit rate (CBR), progression-free survival (PFS), and pharmacokinetics.
Results: A total of 25 women with recurrent ovarian cancer, a mean of 3.8 prior lines of chemotherapy, and a median platinum-free interval of 5 months (range: 7-451 days) were enrolled; 15 of 25 (60%) were platinum resistant, 9 (36%) were partially platinum sensitive, and 1 (4%) was platinum sensitive. Of the 23 who were response evaluable, there was 1 confirmed complete response (4%), 5 partial responses (17%), and 8 (35%) stable disease. The ORR was 26% and CBR was 74% across all doses and 100% in the RP2CD cohort. Median PFS was 27.1 weeks. NUC-1031 was stable in the plasma and rapidly generated high intracellular dFdCTP levels that were unaffected by carboplatin.
Conclusions: NUC-1031 combined with carboplatin is well tolerated in recurrent ovarian cancer. Highest efficacy was observed at the RP2CD of 500 mg/m2 NUC-1031 on days 1 and 8 with AUC5 carboplatin day 1, every 3 weeks for six cycles. The ability to deliver carboplatin at AUC5 and the efficacy of this schedule even in patients with platinum-resistant disease makes this an attractive therapeutic combination.
©2021 American Association for Cancer Research.