Treatment of in-transit melanoma metastases using intralesional PV-10

Melanoma Res. 2021 Jun 1;31(3):232-241. doi: 10.1097/CMR.0000000000000729.

Abstract

Melanoma in-transit metastases (ITMs) can sometimes be difficult to manage by surgical excision due to their number, size or location. Treatment by intralesional injection of PV-10, a 10% solution of rose bengal, has been reported to be a simple, safe and effective alternative, but more outcome data are required to confirm its value in the management of ITMs. Two hundred and twenty-six melanoma ITMs in 48 patients were treated with intralesional PV-10 supplied under a special-access scheme. By 8 weeks a complete response in all injected ITMs was achieved in 22 patients (46%) and a partial response in 19 patients (40%). Of 19 patients who had uninjected metastases, 3 (16%) had a response in these. The most common adverse event was transient localised pain in injected tumours. New ITMs developed in 25 patients within 8 weeks, and later in another 8 patients. Repeat injection cycles were given to 21 patients: 13 of these received repeat injection into partially responding or nonresponding tumours, 5 had new ITMs, as well as partially-responding lesions injected, and 3 received injection into new ITMs only. Twenty-two patients received subsequent systemic therapy. At 1 year 37 of the 48 patients were alive, 28 with melanoma, and at 2 years 27 were alive, and 19 with melanoma. Injection of PV-10 was simple and safe and resulted in tumour involution in most patients and sometimes in noninjected tumours. However, many patients developed new lesions; these were treated by further PV-10 injections or with alternative therapies.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't