MiR-194-5p serves as a potential biomarker and regulates the proliferation and apoptosis of hippocampus neuron in children with temporal lobe epilepsy

J Chin Med Assoc. 2021 May 1;84(5):510-516. doi: 10.1097/JCMA.0000000000000518.


Background: The aim of the present study is to explore the expression level and the clinical significance of miR-194-5p to the children with temporal lobe epilepsy, and investigate its functions in regulating cell behaviors of hippocampal neurons.

Methods: The expression level of miR-194-5p was detected in the serum of 59 temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) children and 63 healthy children. To further study the role of miR-194-5p in the development of TLE in children, the epileptiform discharge model was established in rat hippocampal neurons to mimic TLE conditions in children. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves and area under the ROC curve were established to evaluate the diagnostic value of serum microRNAs to the differentiation of the TLE group and healthy group. The influence of miR-194-5p on the proliferation and apoptosis of hippocampus neurons was examined by using MTT and flow cytometric apoptosis assay. Luciferase reporter assay was performed to confirm the target gene of miR-194-5p.

Results: The result demonstrated that miR-194-5p was significantly dysregulated in plasma of TLE patients. Analysis of ROCs showed that the miR-194-5p had high specificity and sensitivity in the diagnosis of the TLE in children. The expression of miR-194-5p was found to increase in the hippocampal cells cultured in the magnesium-free medium through quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. Hyper-expressed of miR-194-5p reversed TLE-induced reduction for the cell viability, and inhibited the cell apoptosis induced by TLE. Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) was proved to be a direct target gene of miR-194-5p.

Conclusion: MiR-194-5p is a likely potential biomarker and treatment target of TLE in children. IGF1R might be involved in the regulatory role of miR-194-5p in hippocampus neuron apoptosis.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Apoptosis*
  • Biomarkers*
  • Cell Proliferation*
  • Child
  • Epilepsy, Temporal Lobe / diagnosis*
  • Female
  • Hippocampus / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • MicroRNAs / blood*
  • MicroRNAs / genetics
  • MicroRNAs / metabolism*
  • Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction


  • Biomarkers
  • MIRN194 microRNA, human
  • MicroRNAs