Carotid stenosis, stroke, and carotid artery revascularization

Prog Cardiovasc Dis. Mar-Apr 2021;65:49-54. doi: 10.1016/j.pcad.2021.03.005. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Abstract

Atherosclerotic disease of the carotid artery places patients at risk of ischemic stroke and consequently is a target of medical, endovascular and open surgical management. Various imaging modalities are used to characterize anatomy/severity of carotid disease and justify intervention, each having advantages and disadvantages. Carotid revascularization techniques including carotid artery stenting, carotid endarterectomy, and transcarotid artery revascularization vary in invasiveness and are not equally suitable for certain subsets of patients. As such, providing quality care for patients with carotid disease requires a multidisciplinary team of experts in clinical diagnosis, image interpretation, medical management, endovascular intervention, and surgical treatment.

Keywords: Carotid artery disease; Carotid artery revascularization; Carotid artery stent; Carotid stenosis; Ischemic stroke.

Publication types

  • Review